This behavior would have been punished in pre-contact tribal society.
Governor Phillip’s tolerance of the local inhabitants did not last long.
The warrior Pemulwuy of the Bidjigal nation, located in today’s western Sydney, speared a frontier man in 1790 as punishment for killing Bidjigal people.
[back to top] In Western Australia, Governor Stirling leads 25 mounted police against the Aboriginal people.
Conflicting records exist in regards to the number of people killed during the Battle of Pinjarra.
One of the most devastating impacts of British colonisation was the introduction of diseases such as influenza, venereal disease, typhoid, tuberculosis, pneumonia, measles and whooping cough.
Many of the Eora people who lived on the foreshores of Sydney Harbour died from smallpox in the first years of colonisation, although the origin of the infection remains a source of disagreement amongst historians.
Cook had recorded signs that the coast was inhabited during the voyage north, and here he noted as he returned to the ship the great number of fires on all the land and islands about them, 'a certain sign they are Inhabited'.
Despite Cook’s observations, and the British Admiralty’s instructions, Governor Arthur Phillip claimed sovereignty and ownership of the land through the legal concept of terra nullius (land belonging to no-one) over the area that Captain James Cook had named New South Wales.
Early interactions between the colonisers and people of the Darug and Eora nations in today’s Sydney were based on understanding the terms of trading and encouragement of friendliness by Governor Phillip.
The people of the First Fleet did not understand the ways of the local Indigenous peoples they encountered however, and their diaries and journals record the lack of respect that many members of the First Fleet had for local Indigenous people.
A new trial is held and seven men are charged with the murder of one Aboriginal child. (Vic) establishes an Aborigines Protection Board in Victoria to manage the interests of Aborigines.